“For I am my mother's
daughter, and the drums of Africa still beat in my heart. They will not let me
rest while there is a single Negro boy or girl without a chance to prove his
worth.” —Mary McLeod
July 29, 1895 – First National Conference of Colored Women
is held at the Charles Street AME Church in Boston, MA. The conference was
organized and convened by Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin founder of the Women's New Era Club, a
charitable organization of sixty prominent black women in Boston.Two years after the conference
was held, the National Association of Colored Women was formed with Mary Church
Terrell as its first president.
Mary Church Terrell
Bethel AME Church, founded by Richard Allen, is dedicated in Philadelphia. It
is among the first African-American churches established in the United States.
July 28, 1868 – The 14th Amendment to the United
States Constitution is adopted. Its citizenship clause provides a broad
definition of citizenship that overruled the Dred Scott v. Sanford ruling by
the United States Supreme Court (1857) that had held that blacks could not be
citizens of the United States.
July 27, 2004 – Barack
Obama, a candidate for the US Senate from Illinois, gives the keynote address
that electrifies attendees at the Democratic National Convention held in
Boston, MA. He would later become the first American-American President of the
July 23, 1778 – Hundreds of Blacks participate in the Battle
of Monmouth (NJ) during the American war for Independence.
July 22, 1862 – President Abraham Lincoln reads the first
draft of the Emancipation Proclamation to his cabinet. It becomes law on
January 1, 1863, becoming a first step toward freedom for more than 4 million
African Americans held in Slavery.
July 12, 1949 – Frederick M. Jones patents a portable
air-cooling unit for trucks carrying perishable food. Portable cooling units
designed by Jones were especially important during World War II, preserving
blood, medicine, and food for use at army hospitals and on open battlefields.
July 8, 1943 Faye Wattleton, first African American
director of Planned Parenthood, is born. She led Planned Parenthood from 1978
to 1992. Currently, she serves as
the President of the Center for the Advancement of Women, and also serves on
the board of trustees at Columbia University.
Read more about Faye Wattleton in Book of Black Heroes: Great Women in the Struggle, published by Just us Books.
July 7, 1948
– The Cleveland Indians of the American League of Major League
Baseball, sign pitcher Leroy "Satchel" Paige. Just one year earlier,
Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier when he played 1st base for
the Brooklyn Dodgers of the National League. Satchel Paige had been one of
Negro League Baseball’s brightest stars.
July 4, 1900 – Jazz pioneer Louis “Satchmo” Armstrong is
born in New Orleans, LA
QUOTE FOR TODAY
“As long as there is
poverty in the world I can never be rich, even if I have a billion dollars. As
long as diseases are rampant and millions of people in this world cannot expect
to live more than twenty-eight or thirty years, I can never be totally healthy
even if I just got a good checkup at Mayo Clinic. I can never be what I ought
to be until you are what you ought to be. This is the way our world is made. No
individual or nation can stand out boasting of being independent. We are
July 3, 1688A Quaker group in Germantown, PA signed a petition which was the first formal
protest against slavery in the country by a religious group. The first blacks
were brought to the American colonies in 1619. Then in 1654, John Castor, an African,
became the first legally recognized “slave” in the colonies when a court in
Northampton County, VA declared him “property for life” to be “owned” by his
master. By 1688 when the Quaker group signed their petition, slavery was firmly
established in the colonies.
had reasoned this out in my mind, there was one of two things I had a right to, liberty or death; if I
could not have one, I would have the other.”Harriet